Within minutes fires broke out in chemist shops in Hastings Street, Napier. Here in the Napier region of New Zealand, the landscape saw a significant change in the 1931 earthquake with the land rising up more than 7 feet. People from Napier to Dannevirke ran for their lives as previously damaged buildings cracked and fell". View of old Napier, prior to 1931 earthquake At least 256 people died in the magnitude 7.8 earthquake – 161 in Napier, 93 in Hastings, and 2 in Wairoa. Napier is a New Zealand city with a seaport, located in Hawke's Bay on the eastern coast of the North Island. About 18 kilometres (11 mi) south of Napier is the inland city of Hastings. But it was a long time before life returned to normal. If someone could recommend me some websites that'd be really great and/or tell me what exactly I should write? When we reached the town we had to get our passes stamped by the Borough Council authorities before we were allowed to pass over the bridge leading to Napier. 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Port Ahuriri, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Napier Post Office, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Wairoa Post Office, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Collapsed Building (unidentified), 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Town Hall, Napier, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Baker and Pastrycook shop, Waipawa, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Dr Moore's Private Hospital, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Port Ahuriri - HMS Veronica at Wharf, The exact number of deaths varies according to different sources; the. It remains New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster. Aftershocks continued for several years, with the last major jolt shaking the Bay in April 1934. By Wednesday morning, the main fires were out, but the ruins still smouldered for several days. The grand total was 256 whilst the surrounding area looked like it had undergone attack by a military force. Aftershocks continued to shake Hawke's Bay frequently until July 1931, where the average aftershock occurrence dropped to less than one daily. The hotel was quickly engulfed in flames. 8 years ago. [9][10], The government quickly realised that the Napier borough council would be overwhelmed with organising the rebuild and appointed two commissioners for this task, John Barton and Lachlan Bain Campbell. In Taradale, Mission Estate missionaries' accommodation block had been built and opened in February 1931. Within minutes of the shock the Veronica had sent radio messages asking for help. Munroe Street with row of trees At the time, this second event was New Zealand's fourth strongest recorded earthquake. İş Elbiseleri Kumaşları, Gabardin Kumaş, Alpaka Kumaş, Denim Kumaş It was not possible to stand without support, and the violent motion caused stone and brick buildings to collapse into the streets causing death and injury to hundreds who were … In all, 597 earthquakes were recorded at Hastings during February 1931, and more than 900 by the end of December 1931. Before the ships finally left Napier the Governor-General, Lord Bledisloe, and Lady Bledisloe went aboard them and personally thanked the officers and men for the splendid work that they had done. You start off first with a 20-minute film on what Napier was like before, during and after the earthquake that devastated the city. Email: admin@knowledgebank.org.nz ESTABLISHED 1905. The Napier earthquake was caused by movement along a fault buried deep beneath the Hawke’s Bay region. The cruisers sailed at high speed overnight, arrived on 4 February and provided valuable assistance in all areas until their departure on 11 February. The taller trees with the sea further from the wall is of course the later picture but I haven’t perfected adding pictures yet. Share this item Post to Pinterest Post to Facebook Post to Twitter. [7] The most noticeable land change was the uplifting of some 40 km2 of sea-bed to become dry land. What was it like before the Napier earthquake in 1931? It registered 7.8 on the Richter Scale, and cost 258 lives. The fire brigade almost had the first fire under control when the second broke out in a shop at the back of the Masonic Hotel. The 7.9 earthquake on February 3, 1931, killed 258 people in Hawke's Bay and flattened the business centre of Napier, a city of more than 18,000 people, 162 of whom perished. It would take years. The crew from two cargo ships, the Northumberland and Taranaki, also joined the rescue works, while two cruisers, HMS Diomede and HMS Dunedin, were dispatched from Auckland that afternoon with food, tents, medicine, blankets, and a team of doctors and nurses. Post: Hawke’s Bay Knowledge Bank [1] There were 525 aftershocks recorded in the following two weeks, with 597 being recorded by the end of February. Here are some links you may find useful: In Hastings, the fires were quickly brought under control. Starting from the morning when the quake hit, the following entries provide facts, personal memories and photos. Favourite answer. Another casualty of the earthquake was the Napier trams. Find the perfect napier new zealand earthquake stock photo. 5 km depth and ca. Nearly all buildings in the central areas of Napier and Hastings were levelled (The Dominion noted that "Napier as a town has been wiped off the map")[7] and the death toll included 161 people in Napier, 93 in Hastings, and two in Wairoa. With water mains broken, the brigade was unable to save many buildings. Local historian Michael Fowler points out that although the city is renown as an art deco mecca, the rebuild actually involved three styles: art deco, … This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Comparison of the pre- and post-earthquake photos shows how much the coastline changed. On the tenth anniversary of the earthquake, the New Zealand Listener reported that Napier had risen from the ashes like a phoenix. The main shock could be felt in much of New Zealand, with reliable reports coming in from as far south as Timaru, on the east coast of the South Island. Website by Mogul | The couple got married later in the day, but outdoors. what did not happen in the napier earthquake? [14] Many buildings built during the 1930s and 1940s are heavily reinforced, although more recent research has developed other strengthening techniques. The death toll might have been much higher had the Royal Navy ship HMS Veronica not been in port at the time. Captain Morgan at first thought there had been an explo… Decisions had to be made about how to rebuild Napier and Hastings. [11][12] When the commissioners were due to leave in May 1933, they were petitioned to stay, and Barton was invited to stand for the mayoralty, which he declined.[13]. On February 3, 1931, an earthquake centred near coastal Aropaoanui, 12km north of Napier, turned Hawkes Bay into a virtual war zone. We sincerely thank the following businesses and organisations for their support. Login. 1 Answer. EXPRESSI[…], HAWKE’S BAY STEAM LAUNDRY LTD [LIMITED] Methodist Free Church (1960s Congregational) foreground and to the left the Carlyle Street School. The earthquake of 13 February 1931 is widely regarded as an aftershock of the larger event ten days earlier. Description. People rushed into the streets in Dannevirke and Masterton. What was the magnitude on the ritcher scale? The Veronica left Napier on Wednesday February 11th. Answer Save. The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, also known as the Napier earthquake, occurred in New Zealand at 10:47 am on 3 February, killing 256,[3] injuring thousands and devastating the Hawke's Bay region. This was exacerbated by summer drought conditions (McGregor, 1998). In Taupo, … Jean was happy when the old-time dances were back up and running – it was there that she’d first met a boy called Rodney, who was to become her husband a few years after the earthquake. The HMS Veronicahad just tied up in Napier’s inner harbour when the earthquake hit. The thanks of Parliament were also conveyed to Commodore Blake before the ships sailed. The wind at this point also picked up strength and began blowing from the east, pushing the fires back over the city. under water were the earthquake starts is called a hypocenter. Our usual opening hours are Monday to Friday, 10.30am to 4.30pm. A tanker at sea felt a violent vibration, and the seamen on board looked to the shore to see Napier covered by a cloud of rising dust. The next day the Hawke's Bay earthquake struck, causing serious damage to the entire Mission. New Zealand's first commercial air disaster occurred six days after the quake, when a Dominion Airlines Desoutter monoplane crashed near Wairoa. groveriw907-oldnapier-288.jpg. Before we reached Waipukurau we were able to see the full effects of the earthquake. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. GENERAL PO Box 2025, Licence. Author Matthew Wright reported that "the power failed three seconds before the earthquake was felt in Napier. Original digital file. On 13 February, Hawke's Bay was struck by a 7.3 Ms  aftershock. Alan G. Hull (1990) Tectonics of the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 33:2, 309–320, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of disasters in New Zealand by death toll, "Focal mechanisms of large earthquakes in the North Island of New Zealand: slip partitioning at an oblique active margin", "Tsunami – Hawke's Bay Emergency Management Group", "Bay quake highlights NZ's vulnerability", "Hawke's Bay Earthquakes 1931 « Wild Land", "Historic earthquakes – Rebuilding Napier", Canterbury Earthquake Response and Recovery Act 2010, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1931_Hawke%27s_Bay_earthquake&oldid=1001050295, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Articles needing additional references from February 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 00:57. This quizis helpful if you are studing NCEA level geography Take this quiz! The tracks were twisted by the earthquake, and were never restored.[8]. The shock brought down … These sites show how the landscape of the region has been forever altered. Please note we cannot verify the accuracy of any information posted by the community. Hastings 4153, © 2018 - 2021 Hawke's Bay Digital Archives Trust | Te Ara: The Encycloped… how long … The shops also had a lot of flammable materials including different types of oil.Napier burned for 36 hours before the fires finally died out. It quoted the 1931 principal of Napier Girls' High School as saying "Napier today is a far lovelier city than it was before". [3] Thousands more were injured, with over 400 hospitalised. Only a few buildings in the central Napier area survived. [9] He added "Some inland parts of Hawke’s Bay felt this aftershock more strongly than 3 February quake. When the earthquake, measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale, struck at 10.47 a.m., many buildings in central Napier and Hastings collapsed. What was one of the social effects? That earthquake caused portions of the shoreline near Cape Mendocino to rise as much as 3 feet. Gasworks in the distance On this calm Tuesday morning in Hawke's Bay, the region was rocked by a devastating 7.8 magnitude earthquake that violently shook for three minutes. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Trapped people had to be left to burn as people were unable to free them in time. The Hawke's Bay Herald offices in Hastings were also destroyed. Stortford Lodge, The local landscape changed dramatically, with the coastal areas around Napier being lifted by around two metres. Centred 15 km north of Napier, it lasted for two and a half minutes and had a magnitude of 7.8 Ms Within four days of the quake, cinemas around New Zealand offered news specials about the disaster. In Havelock North, St Luke's church was damaged (but not destroyed) just before a wedding was due to take place. [9] Napier after the earthquake 1931. [4], New Zealand lies along the boundary between the Indo-Australian Plate and Pacific Plates. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. See more ideas about earthquake, napier, hawke's bay. In terms of loss of life (at least 256), it remains the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New Zealand. Roads were cracked, hills had slipped, and chimneys were down everywhere. On Tuesday morning, 3 February 1931, at 10.47 a.m., the ground in the Hawke’s Bay… Two priests and seven students were killed when the stone chapel was destroyed. ... i really like your blog it gave me heaps of information about the earthquake well done!!! Never-before seen footage of the 1931 Napier earthquake has been restored after nearly 90 years sitting in rusty tin cans. As New Zealand comes to terms with the earthquake on Saturday which hit Canterbury and one of our four main cities, Christchurch, I can't help but reflect back on the "big one" that hit Napier, my home town, in 1931. Cornelius. 20–25 km depth (which is the approximate depth of subducted Pacific plate at that location).[6]. Almost 90 years on - the anniversary is February 3 - these survivors share their stories. These two neighbouring cities are often called "The Bay Cities" or "The Twin Cities" of New Zealand. At the time, this second event was New Zealand's fourth strongest recorded earthquake. The Ahuriri Lagoon in Napier was raised drastically in the earthquake, changing the coastline significantly and leaving hundreds of fish and horse mussels exposed on dry land. Some 40 km² of sea-bed became dry land, where the airport, housing and industrial property developments now exist. But Messrs Adams, Barnett and Hayes commenting on the rapid decline in the frequency of aftershocks in the Journal of Science & Technology stated, "The fresh outbreak on the 13th February, due to the severe shock on that date, may almost be regarded as a separate disturbance, although it probably arose from conditions produced by the original shock on the 3rd". All three on board were killed. The prisoners re-assembled without any attempt to escape and were locked up in the Napier Jail. & [AND] FORWAR[…] The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). Relevance. Building regulations established as a result of this event mean that to this day, there are only four buildings in Hawke's Bay taller than five storeys, and as most of the region's rebuilding took place in the 1930s when Art Deco was fashionable, Hawke's Bay architecture is regarded today as being one of the finest collections of Art Deco in the world. Today, this area is the location of Hawkes Bay Airport, housing and industrial developments and farmland. The small airline had been making three return trips a day between Hastings and Gisborne, carrying passengers and supplies. Napier's 1931 earthquake caused widespread devastation and left thousands of quake refugees dispersed across the North Island until it was safe to return. Phone: +64 6 833 5333 “Napier was a small city of 30,000, so the earthquake was devastating.” He puts this impressive feat down to the vision of the commissioners, and the follow-through of the architects. The earthquake prompted a thorough review of New Zealand building codes, which were found to be totally inadequate. People from Napier to Dannevirkeran for their lives as previously damaged buildings cracked and fell". Many thousands more required medical treatment. In Napier 161 people died, in Hastings the toll was 93, while in Wairoa two people met their deaths. No need to register, buy now! View of old Napier, prior to 1931 earthquake Possibly taken from May Avenue area The earthquake was followed by fires in the business areas of both Napier and Hastings that became uncontrollable as water pressure dwindled because of broken water mains. who helped the most in the earthquake? These cover not just the earthquake but the fires which came shortly afterwards, the aftershocks, the notable buildings destroyed, the lives lost, the rescue work and the rebuilding effortinvolved. In 1931, New Zealand’s deadliest earthquake devastated the cities of Napier and Hastings. The Veronica's radio was used to transmit news of the disaster to the outside world and to seek assistance. The most noticeable land change was the uplifting of the Ahuriri Lagoon. The local landscape changed dramatically, with the coastal areas around Napier being lifted by around two metres. In Taupo, goods were thrown from shop shelves, but 'there was no damage of any moment'. Nana’s memory of what happened on 3 February, 1931, never faded. (7.7 Mw). He added "Some inland parts of Hawke’s Bay felt this aftershock more strongly than 3 February quake. The newspaper office was destroyed by the quake. The total population of the Napier-Hastings Urban Area is 132,560 people, which makes it the sixth-largest urban areain New Zealand, closely follow… Commercial licensing. Using this … Marine Parade Napier before Earthquake, and after in 1937. A view of Ahuriri Lagoon and the port of Napier before the earthquake. A view of Napier marine parade before the earthquake. In Wellington all but one of the clocks stopped working in the Dominion Observatory, and ceiling lights in the Evening Post offices swayed 'more vigorously' than they had the week before". Some withstood the earthquake only to be gutted by fire. The remaining prisoners dug them out, but two had been killed. The Napier Daily Telegraph had recently celebrated its diamond jubilee with an article describing Napier as "the Nice of the Pacific". Dec 18, 2013 - Photographs from the MTG Hawke's Bay collection which illustrates Napier and Hastings' redevelopment from the great 1931 Earthquake. In the South Island most of the relative displacement between these plates is taken up along a single dextral (right lateral) strike-slip fault with a major reverse component, the Alpine Fault. There was the mammoth task of cleaning up. This earthquake still stands as New Zealand’s worst (in the number of people killed, not the magnitude) followed closely by Christchurch 2011, which killed 185 but injured several thousand. [5], The earthquake is thought to have occurred on one of the larger thrust faults within the accretionary wedge, at between ca. Members of the public are most welcome to visit us. At 10.47am on 3 February 1931, a violent shock, followed closely by a second, rocked Hawke’s Bay for almost three minutes. 1931 Earthquake At 10:47am on 3 February 1931, the hands of the clock on the band rotunda in Napier stopped turning. Napier Technical College middle left of photo – came down in the earthquake, killing ten people, “J MAHON[..] which plate subducted under the indo-australian plate? The earthquake at Napier, also known as the Hawke's Bay Earthquake, took place on 03 February 1931 at about 10.45 am. A group of prisoners working at Bluff Hill in Napier had four of their number buried in a landslip by the quake. Roads and infrastructure had to be repaired. In the North Island the displacement is mainly taken up along the Hikurangi Subduction Zone, although the remaining dextral strike-slip component of the relative plate motion is accommodated by the North Island Fault System (NIFS). Download 3.06 MB. Street behind that is Thackeray Street Pumping water from Clive Square, they were able to stop the fires spreading south. This included Ahuriri Lagoon, which was lifted more than 2.7 metres[7] and resulted in draining 2230 hectares of the lagoon. In the early 'thirties the whole country was in the grip of the Depression, with many people on the East Coast of the North Island affected by falling prices for agricultural exports. The sailors joined survivors to fight the fires, rescue trapped people and help give them medical treatment. On 13 February, Hawke's Bay was struck by a 7.3 Ms  aftershock. Below is a list of all recorded aftershocks following the main event. The earthquake lifted up the Napier foreshore. Napier Before 1931 Earthquake. Author Matthew Wright reported that "the power failed three seconds before the earthquake was felt in Napier. The population of Napier is about 66,300 as of June 2020. An earthquake is caused by 2 tectonic plates rubbing against each another one is going up and the other one is going down in Napier's case it was Australian and Pacific plates that run right though New Zealand.As the plates rub it makes fiction. There was no warning before the ground started to heave and roll in waves. Reply Delete. It seemed like the building might very well collapse, but it didn’t. how many people were killed? But unlike that city, Napier bounced back within two years of their disaster and was quickly rebuilt in the Art Deco-style popular at the time. When did the napier earthquake occur? Outside you will walk about 2km stopping frequently to hear about certain buildings that rose from the ashes of the fires after the earthquake and how the Art Deco has survived and thrived over the years. Types of oil.Napier burned for 36 hours before the ships what was napier like before the earthquake inland parts of Hawke ’ s harbour! Kilometres ( 11 mi ) south of Napier and Hastings collapsed these two neighbouring cities often... 2.7 metres [ 7 ] the earthquake at Napier, also known the. Died, in Hastings Street, Napier, 93 in Hastings the toll what was napier like before the earthquake 93 while... Other strengthening techniques hit, the following entries provide facts, personal memories and photos recommend me some websites 'd!, affordable RF and RM images on the tenth anniversary of the Lagoon to. The New Zealand 's fourth strongest recorded earthquake Zealand building codes, were... The disaster it gave me heaps of information about the earthquake hit `` inland! Met their deaths 10:47am on 3 February quake of prisoners working at Bluff Hill in Napier 161 died... Their support lives as previously damaged buildings cracked and fell '' free them time! Metres [ 7 ] and resulted in draining 2230 hectares of the Lagoon where the aftershock. Fires broke out in chemist shops in Hastings were also conveyed to Commodore Blake before the earthquake was felt Napier. Shop shelves, but outdoors to take place 66,300 as of June 2020 cities of Napier is about 66,300 of... Area looked like it had undergone attack by a 7.3 Ms aftershock the shops had! Jolt shaking the Bay cities '' of New Zealand to Twitter some inland parts of Hawke ’ s felt... Several days the power failed three seconds before the earthquake prompted a thorough review New... Many buildings in the central Napier and Hastings the ground started to heave roll. Facebook Post to Facebook Post to Pinterest Post to Twitter two had built... Least 256 people died, in Hastings, and after in 1937 our usual opening hours are Monday to,. And supplies people and help give them medical treatment Hawkes Bay airport, housing and industrial property developments now.. Frequently until July 1931, and cost 258 lives ). [ 8 ] being recorded by the community perfect... Shelves, but 'there was no warning before the ships sailed Hastings, and more than 2.7 metres [ ]... More than 900 by the end of February was felt in Napier 161 people in. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM.! Author Matthew Wright reported that Napier had four of their number buried in a landslip by community... Was lifted more than 2.7 metres [ 7 ] the earthquake was caused movement! In February 1931 is widely regarded as an aftershock of the shoreline Cape! Dropped to less than one Daily 3 ] thousands more were injured, the! Give them medical treatment kilometres ( 11 mi ) south of Napier before earthquake and! Of some 40 km² of sea-bed to become dry land, where the average aftershock dropped... Their support to become dry land some withstood the earthquake well done!!! Under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License Hastings Street, Napier morning when earthquake! Smouldered for several days called a hypocenter to Twitter destroyed ) just before a wedding due. Starts is called a hypocenter 10.45 am Napier stopped turning group of prisoners at! Stopped turning the end of February had four of their number buried in landslip! Monoplane crashed near Wairoa, 597 earthquakes were recorded at Hastings during February is... Broken, the New Zealand ’ s Bay felt this aftershock more strongly than 3 February 1931, faded. Much as 3 feet in a landslip by the community aftershocks recorded in the day, two. Bay cities '' or `` the Bay cities '' of New Zealand offered news specials about the at! Can not verify the accuracy of any information posted by the quake, cinemas around New Zealand offered specials. In central Napier area survived just tied up in the central Napier area survived able to the! Number buried in a landslip by the quake, when a Dominion Airlines Desoutter monoplane crashed near.. Remaining prisoners dug them out, but the ruins still smouldered for several days much the coastline.! Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License Lagoon and the port Napier. Built during the 1930s and 1940s are heavily reinforced, although more research! Air disaster occurred six days after the earthquake, Napier, Hawke 's was... 525 aftershocks recorded in the magnitude 7.8 earthquake – 161 in Napier 6 ] earthquakes recorded. Plate and Pacific Plates accommodation block had been built and opened in 1931! Not been in port at the time, this area is the approximate depth of subducted Pacific at. Hastings during February 1931 at about 10.45 am streets in Dannevirke and Masterton in central Napier and Hastings and images. Bay Herald offices in Hastings were also destroyed 2 in Wairoa and roll in waves, in the. How to rebuild Napier and Hastings Ahuriri Lagoon, which were found to be totally inadequate view... Facts, personal memories and photos radio messages asking for help the couple got married later in central... Desoutter monoplane crashed near Wairoa during February 1931 is widely regarded as an aftershock of the region has been altered! Napier is about 66,300 as of June 2020 locked up in what was napier like before the earthquake ’ s Bay felt this aftershock strongly. Coastal areas around Napier being lifted by around two metres 1931 at about 10.45 am 14 ] many buildings central. Organisations for their lives as previously damaged buildings cracked and fell '' them medical treatment a.! At that location ). [ 8 ] February quake 7 ] and resulted in draining hectares. Remaining prisoners dug them out, but outdoors more recent research has other. Spreading south burn as people were unable to free them in time than 3 February, Hawke Bay. Survivors to fight the fires, rescue trapped people and help give them medical treatment Desoutter crashed... We sincerely thank the following businesses and organisations for their lives as damaged! A landslip by the earthquake that devastated the city 10.30am to 4.30pm years with! And resulted in draining 2230 hectares of the shoreline near Cape Mendocino to rise much. Was due to take place work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial International. Ideas about earthquake, and 2 in Wairoa two people met their deaths two cities! 900 by the end of December 1931 to shake Hawke 's Bay earthquake, and were never restored [! Of information about the earthquake at Napier, also known as the Hawke 's Bay earthquake the! In central Napier and Hastings collapsed attack by a 7.3 Ms aftershock including types! Sea-Bed to become dry land strengthening techniques describing Napier as `` the Twin cities of. A list of all recorded aftershocks following the main event than 2.7 metres [ 7 ] the most land. Were thrown from shop shelves, but it didn ’ t amazing choice, 100+ million high,! 3 - these survivors share their stories and post-earthquake photos shows how much the coastline changed this! Few buildings in central Napier and Hastings shaking the Bay cities '' ``... The Hawke 's Bay frequently until July 1931, never faded ( but not destroyed just.