Discourses or teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, Authoritative scripture of Theravada Buddhists, written in the Pali language, the Tripitaka. Answer: Buddha was born in the lands of Nepal between the border with India and the Himalayas, a place called the Sakya kingdom. What makes Vajrayana Buddhism so special is its approach to … choreographed hand movements used in the rituals of Vajrayana Buddhism. Match. The central teachings of Buddhism: to live is to suffer; suffering is caused by desire; the cessation of suffering can be achieved; the solution is the Noble Eightfold path. It is the singular existential problem that the whole edifice of Buddhist practice is meant to address. Buddhism originated in India, sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE , but is now mostly practiced in other countries, where it developed into a number of traditions, the main ones being Therevada , Mahayana , and Vajrayana . B. Why Buddhism is True: The Science and Philosophy of Meditation and Enlightenment is a 2017 book by journalist and evolutionary psychologist Robert Wright.As of August 2017, the book had peaked at The New York Times No. A basic Buddhist teaching that rejects both the pleasures of sensual indulgence and the self-denial of asceticism, focusing instead on a practical approach to spiritual attainment. t/f: the Vinaya Pitka is the code of monastic discipline for monks and nuns which contains 311 rules for monks and 227 for nuns. a. What is the most important part of the vihara? Vajrayana Buddhism is known as“the Way of the Diamond.” But it’s sometimes also called Tantric or Esoteric Buddhism. D. Like Hinduism, Buddhism also supports the caste system. It is the level in which both jiva (living creatures or individual souls) and Iswara are true; here, the material world is also true. 'Sūtra on the White Lotus of the True Dharma') is one of the most popular and influential Mahayana sutras, and the basis on which the Tiantai, Tendai, Cheontae, and Nichiren schools of Buddhism were established. Gravity. For this reason, out of his compassion, Buddha Shakyamuni gave teachings at many levels, just as a skilful doctor administers a variety of remedies to treat different types of sick people. Because Buddhism denies the transference of any self or soul, personal identity depends entirely on karma. The robes worn by Theravada monks and nuns of southeast Asia today are thought to be unchanged from the original robes of 25 centuries ago. the repetition of sacred words or phrases to guide and focus meditation in Hinduism and Buddhism. "no self" - one of the Three Marks of Existence; the Buddhist doctrine denying a permanent self. Buddhist philosophy deals with reality – how we understand reality and how we deconstruct our fantasies and projections about reality. One can identify oneself as a Buddhist by reciting the Three Refuges. "Three Baskets," the Pali Canon, Vinaya Pitaka, Sutra Pitaka and Abidharrna Pitaka. If that makes sense . A. Buddhism was founded in the fifth century B.C. After becoming 'enlightened' (the meaning of Buddha) he enunciated the principles of Buddhism. Write. The spiritual leader of Vajrayana (Tibetan) Buddhism, believed to be an incarnation of the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara. Created by. Mahayana Buddhists can be monastic, but can also attain enlightenment as lay people. In Tibetan Buddhism, teachers and heads of monasteries. a) A repentant sinner could gain enlightenment in the Western Land Paradise. "The Great Vehicle" - the largest of Buddhism's three divisions, prevalent in China, Japan, and Korea; encompasses a variety of forms, including those that emphasize devotion and prayer to the Buddhas and bodhisattvas. Take this Quiz to Learn more about Buddhism and to Test your preexisting knowledge of it. Question: Where was Buddha born? Learn. How do you know buddhism is the true religion? Buddhism's world view . Siddhartha discovered the “Middle Way” immediately after leaving his life at the palace where he grew up. A shrine built to house the relics of the Buddha and other important Buddhist teachers . Right effort, 7. C. Buddhism advocates the kind of … "the way of the elders" - Prevalent form of Buddhism in Cambodia, Myanmar (formerly Burma), Sri Lanka, and Thailand; focuses on the earliest texts and emphasizes monastic lifestyle. Buddhist practice brings about a radical change in perspective. In order to properly understand this issue you need to know what is the essential message of Hinduism (More correctly Sanatana Dharma) and Buddhist philosophy. But if we look just in terms of the psychology and philosophy, they can help us to minimize our suffering and problems in this lifetime, too. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (14) Chan/Zen. c) The end of the world was expected in 2000 years. Over the past month, over 400,000 readers like you have visited our site, reading almost a million pages and streaming over 120,000 hours of video teachings. a Bodhisattva is anyone who is motivated by compassion and seeks enlightenment not only for him/herself but also for everyone, who refrains from nirvana for the sake of others, and may be worshipped as a deity in Mahayana Buddhism. With the understanding that those who had not achieved enlightenment would eventually be rein… Rather, it seeks to help its followers understand their suffering and the earthy way to free themselves from it. Mahayana "The Great Vehicle" - the largest of Buddhism's three divisions, prevalent in China, Japan, and Korea; encompasses a variety of forms, including those that emphasize devotion and prayer to the Buddhas and bodhisattvas. Abstain from sexual misconduct and sexual overindulgence, 4. what Siddhartha acquired during the Second Watch (middle of the night) - the ability to perceive the deaths and rebirths of all living beings. Answer: In the 3rd century BCE, the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka adopted Buddhism and set out on a mission to spread the teachings of the faith as far and wide as possible. The Buddha taught that beings were born into their position because of past karma. Buddhism was established in about 500 BC. Future Buddhas. Declined due to the invasion of the Huns (470-528 CE). "worthy one" - One who has become enlightened; the ideal type for Theravada Buddhism. The Divine in Buddhism is Life, and Life is eternal and unborn. Gautama Buddha refers to the Buddha's son. In this view only one thing is ontologically basic or prior to everything else. False correct incorrect. Dukkha, (Pāli: “sorrow,” “suffering”), Sanskrit Duhkha, in Buddhist thought, the true nature of all existence. Take this Quiz to Learn more about Buddhism and to Test your preexisting knowledge of it. Our sincere wish is that these Buddhist teachings, guided practices, and stories can be a balm in these difficult times. t/f: the two major branches of Buddhism are Thervada and Siddhartha. During this period, Buddhist universities and monastic centers flourished. 4 bestseller in hardcover nonfiction. Vaishnava. Buddhism is a religion that was founded by Siddhartha Gautama (“The Buddha”) more than 2,500 years ago in India. The basic moral requirements that are binding for all Buddhists. Start studying Buddhism/Jainsain. Diagnosis – We begin with the 4 noble truths. Right livelihood, 6. Talk about having an open mind! Originating in India, Buddhism is one of the most peaceful and accepting beliefs in the world. Like Hinduism it is a disparate tradition, but our chapter will focus on the main differences between Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism. 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